Reasons for greek victory and persian

Hire Writer Despite the lack of official unity throughout Greece, many brilliant leaders from individual cities combined their skills and abilities to defeat the Persians. Greek leadership developed from weak and conflicting to united and strong, directly contributing to a Greek victory over the Persians as they promoted unity, strategy and a determination to defend their homeland. Without this firm leadership, the other reasons for Greek success would not exist as strongly.

Reasons for greek victory and persian

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Behind them lay everything they held dear: In front of the outnumbered Greeks stood the assembled forces of the Persian empire, a seemingly invincible army with revenge, pillage and plunder on its mind.

Fight for the freedom of your country! Fight for the freedom of your children and of your wives, for the gods of your fathers and for the sepulchers of your ancestors! All are now staked upon the strife! The Athenians stalled for days, anticipating reinforcements promised by Sparta.

But they knew they could not wait for long. The Persians, expecting as easy a victory as they had won against enemies so many times before, were in no hurry. The Greeks, knowing the time for battle had come, began to move forward. Ostensibly, they advanced with focus and purpose, but beneath this firm veneer, as they looked on a vastly larger enemy — at least twice their number — many must have been fearful of what was to come.

The Persian archers sat with their bows drawn, ready to loose a barrage of arrows that would send fear and confusion through the Greek ranks.

Fighting their doubts and fears, the Athenians seized the initiative and rushed the Persians.

Reasons for greek victory and persian

Confronted by such a bold move and realizing their infantry would be pressed into action sooner than expected must have shaken Persian confidence. The two Athenian commanders, Callimachus and Miltiades the latter having fought in the Persian army himselfused their knowledge of Persian battle tactics to turn the tide further in their favor.

As the clatter of spears, swords and shields echoed through the valley, the Greeks had ensured that their best hoplites heavily armed infantry were on the flanks and that their ranks were thinned in the center.

Persian battle doctrine dictated that their best troops, true Persians, fought in the center, while conscripts, pressed into service from tribute states, fought on the flanks.

The Persian elite forces surged into the center of the fray, easily gaining the ascendancy. But this time it was a fatal mistake. The Persian conscripts whom the Hellenic hoplites faced on the flanks quickly broke into flight.

The Greeks then made another crucial decision: Instead of pursuing their fleeing foes, they turned inward to aid their countrymen fighting in the center of the battle.

Battle of Marathon: Greeks Versus the Persians | HistoryNet

By then, the Persians were in a state of utter confusion. Their tactics had failed, their cavalry was absent and their archers were useless. Their more heavily armed and armored opponents, who could sense that victory was close, were attacking them from three sides and pushing them into the sea.

The Persians fled back to their ships. Many of the Athenians, buoyed by their success, dragged several of the Persian vessels to shore, slaughtering those on board.

The Spartans eventually arrived, but only after the battle was long over.Why did the Greeks win the Persian Wars?

Update Cancel. ad by TruthFinder. The Battle of Salamis was definitely a Greek victory, but it was very hard won. So too was the entire war campaign. The war was a victory, but with many, many losses in the process!

Why was Sparta considered the leader of the Greek forces during the Greco-Persian. Following the Persian withdrawal from Europe and the Greek victory at Mycale, Macedon and the city states of Ionia regained their independence.

By some distance, the main source for the Greco-Persian Wars is the Greek historian Herodotus. Herodotus, who has been called the "Father of History", was born in BC in Halicarnassus, Asia Minor. Greek Victory In The Persian Invasion.

Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: burned and sacked the local city of Sardis due to several reasons.

However it was ended when there with retook of Miletus by the Persian Empire that crushed the stronghold of rebel that is after the battle of Lade (Armstrong Rather, Persian expansionary tradition, the need for the Persian kings to maintain an image of strength and the need for Xerxes to establish a military reputation beyond that of Darius, were more significant as causes of the Persian wars than Greek causes.

Reasons for greek victory and persian

The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in and BCE. The exact numbers are much disputed but a figure of Persian ships against a Greek fleet of seems the most likely estimate.

While the Greeks were euphoric in victory, the Persian. By some distance, the main source for the Greco-Persian Wars is the Greek historian Herodotus. Herodotus, who has been called the "Father of History", [5] was born in BC in Halicarnassus, Asia Minor (then part of the Persian empire).

Greek victory over the Persians in to / BC Essay Example for Free